Q) How wet cleaning works?

Professional wet cleaning consists of the following key elements: computer-controlled washers and dryers, specialized detergents and solvents, trained and skilled personnel, and specialized finishing equipment for garment pressing.

Computerized wet cleaning machines allow for precise measurements and mechanical control, which may be programmed with various settings that are specific to each fabric’s needs. Some of these settings include adjusting water and drying temperatures, controlling moisture levels in dryers, and changing water and detergent volumes. Mechanical agitation, commonly known as revolutions in a cleaning cycle can also be altered.

Other features may also be used in addition to the regular wet cleaning process such as specialized fabric softeners, dye setting agents that reduce bleeding, milder bleaching agents for removal of stains, and fabric finishes that restore the fabric’s original touch.


Q) Is Wet Cleaning the Same as Laundering or Hand Washing?

While both laundering and hand washing are also water-based and require detergents, they are not the same as wet cleaning. Laundering uses standard washers and dryers to clean certain non-delicate garments. The settings on these machines are preset, with only the amount of detergent being roughly controlled. Hand washing on the other hand, is limited to delicate garments and cannot be performed in volumes as it is labor-intensive. 

In comparison, wet cleaning is a high volume process that uses milder detergents than traditional home laundry products. Water and solvent levels are precisely measured and tailored to fit each garment’s specific needs.

Q) What is the difference between ‘Wet Cleaning’ and ‘Dry Cleaning’?

Wet cleaning is significantly different from dry cleaning in that it does not use hazardous chemicals nor does it produce harmful waste. Tetrachloroethylene, commonly referred to as Perc or dry cleaning fluid is the key ingredient that is used when dry cleaning garments. This chemical is carcinogenic to humans, and is known to produce soil contamination and air pollution. Waste produced by dry cleaning must be properly discarded as it can pose a health risk to human and animal life.

Contrastingly, wet cleaning uses only water and organic biodegradable solvents. It is 100% eco-friendly as it does not use any harsh chemicals. Garments are more likely to be allergen free and cause minimal skin irritation. Studies have shown wet cleaning to clean fabrics just as well, if not better than dry cleaning. In addition, many fabrics that are labeled ‘Dry Clean Only’ can be wet cleaned without difficulty. Fluids produced from the process of wet cleaning are disposed of into the public sewer system, and are easily treated at the local water waste treatment facility.

Q) If clothing is wet-cleaned, it shrinks?

People have a stereotype that if clothes are clean with water, it will shrink. However, it is not true. It is the rough agitation during the wash cycle that does the damage, not water itself. Therefore, it is very safe if you leave your clothes for the professional wet cleaners.



Wet Cleaning


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Dry Cleaning


The hydrocarbon solvents that fell out of favor in the 1940’s were derived from petroleum or gasoline feedstock. The flash points of the early hydrocarbons were very low, meaning that the solvents did not have to be heated much before explosive vapors would form. Early hydrocarbons contained aromatics like benzene and toluene that we now know are hazardous to humans.

Today’s hydrocarbon dry cleaning solvents are a far cry from the ones used all those years ago. They are synthetically manufactured products, which means that their high purity can be guaranteed. Their physical properties can also be carefully controlled, so they can be sold under tight specifications. They have a much higher flash point than those of the 1940’s, which translates into increased safety since the chances that the solvent will form explosive vapors are minimized. Combined with the safety systems engineered into the dry cleaning machine, today’s hydrocarbons are a safe choice as a dry cleaning solvent.


The hydrocarbon solvents used today, with their high purity, are completely safe for the environment, as well as for laundry service employees and customers. Bacteria in the soil will naturally degrade the hydrocarbons, and exposure tests in aquatic systems show no fish kills when hydrocarbon solvents are introduced.

The same hydrocarbons that are sold today for use in dry cleaning are also sold in the personal care market. They are used in makeup, hand cleaners, lotions, and dozens of other cosmetic products. In addition, they are approved for use in direct food contact applications, such as beet sugar manufacture and vegetable cleaning.


As stated above, hydrocarbon solvents have a clear advantage over perchloroethylene when it comes to being safe for the environment, as well as for your personal health and the health of your family. By choosing a laundry service that uses hydrocarbon solvents, you are helping to reduce environmental pollution and are providing your family with clothes that are cleaned with a process that you can be certain will cause no health problems. In addition, your clothes will have a fresh, clean scent rather than the unpleasant chemical smell of clothing cleaned with PERC.